A Guide to Community Capital

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Business owners and social entrepreneurs in many communities struggle to access the funds they need to launch or expand their businesses and initiatives. At the same time, most of our financial investments go to unfamiliar, opaque investments in far way places and have impacts from which we are disconnected. It doesn’t have to be this way. Innovators across North America are creating ways of re-directing financial resources to businesses and organizations that are serving the communities in which they are located by providing needed goods and services, creating high-quality jobs, restoring the environment and enabling prosperity for all through the development of local living economies.

The Guide to Community Capital is designed to provide an introduction to the ideas and language of community capital, and to pique your interest in learning more by providing descriptions of existing tools with brief examples from communities across North America. This guide provides a high-level primer and a map for readers to connect to a range of resources to learn more. It is divided into four parts:

  • Sources of Financial Capital – Overview of capital sources and potential partners that may exist in your community.
  • Tools for Deploying Capital – The tools that entrepreneurs and innovators are using to tap into community capital.
  • Investment Offerings and Community Capital Platforms – Options for structuring investments, with a review of some of the existing innovative platforms and mechanisms.
  • Glossary of Financial Terms – Simple definitions for financial terms.

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Table of Contents

The Need for Community Capital
What is Community Capital?
   Our Definition 
   The Longer Version
What’s in this Guide? 
Sources of Capital 
   Individuals 
   Donor-Advised Funds
   Foundations 
   Banks 
   Credit Unions 
   Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFIs)
   Angel Investors and Venture Capital
   Government 
Community Capital Tools
   Grants = A gift (usually with some strings)
   Equity = A stake in the ownership
   Debt = Borrowing money (often with interest)
   Secured vs Unsecured Debt
   Bonds
   Hybrid & Non-Traditional Investments
Investment Offerings and Community Capital Platforms
   Direct Public Offerings and Private Placements
   Direct Public Offerings (DPOs) 
   Private Placements 
   Community Capital Platforms & Mechanisms
   Investment Clubs 
   Local Investment Opportunities Networks (LIONs)
   Impact or Targeted Certificates of Deposit (CDs)
   Local Exchanges
   Crowdfunding 
   Partnership Lending
   Lending Circles 
   Peer-to-Peer Lending
   Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs)
   Pooled Investment Notes
Ok, so what’s next? 
Glossary of Terms

Year: 
2014
Format: 
Guidebook
Categories: 
Finance
Source: 
Weblink
Org

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