Social Inclusion and Community Economic Development - LIterature Review

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Toye, Michael & Infanti, Jennifer

This first major publication of the Pan-Canadian Community Development Learning Network project reviews literature on social inclusion and its related concepts, and examines the strengths of integrated, community-based responses such as community economic development to promote social inclusion.

The impacts of social exclusion and marginalization in Canada are difficult to fully measure. From a range of health deficiencies to lost productivity and additional social costs, it is clear that social exclusion is not only personally damaging and socially disruptive, but it is also extremely expensive. Federal and provincial governments have taken some action to improve conditions, but already policy deficiencies can be identified.

Finally, a framework for the next phases of project research and learning is laid out.