Network Effectiveness in Neighborhood Collaborations: Learning from the Chicago Community Networks Study

MDRC, University of Chicago

Author +
David M. Greenberg, Aurelia De La Rosa Aceves, Mikael Karlström, Stephen Nuñez, Victoria Quiroz-Becerra, Sarah Schell, Edith Yang, Audrey Yu

Year: 2017

Community initiatives are notoriously difficult to evaluate. This is because neighborhoods are complex and it is hard to untangle and measure causal outcome drivers among the economic, demographic, and institutional forces that can influence, support, or undermine investments aimed at local improvement. This same complexity also makes it difficult for evaluators to develop a convincing counterfactual, or representation of what might have occurred without the community intervention. Counterfactual comparisons are best established through experimental research designs that ensure that treatment and control groups are alike. But even in the rare cases where neighborhoods, towns, or cities may be part of randomized controlled trials or rigorous quasi-experimental studies, it is unusual to have sufficient numbers of participating communities to reliably determine whether places are truly comparable on average because they may differ in less observable, but still relevant, ways related to institutional factors such as service capacity or political leadership.

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MDRC’s Chicago Community Networks (CCN) study uses a methodologically innovative approach, known as social network analysis, to develop an extensive understanding of these more intangible features of neighborhood life. Funded by The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the CCN study is one of the most extensive attempts yet to characterize and measure the strength of networks among community organizations and show how they contribute to more successful partnerships for service delivery and political leadership.

Table of Contents

List of Exhibits
Executive Summary

Social Network Analysis and the Methodology of the Chicago Community Networks Study
Methodology and Data Sources
Distinguishing Features of the CCN Study
Chicago Neighborhoods Included in the Survey
Connectivity Among Chicago Neighborhood Organizations
The Importance of Connectivity for Policy, Public Management, and Communities
Variation in Connectivity Across Neighborhoods and Domains of Work
How Connectivity Mattered for Groups and Communities
Power in Networks of Chicago Neighborhood Organizations
Defining Power and Influence
Brokering Power
The Importance of Centrality for Policy, Public Management, and Communities
Groups That Occupy Positions of Power and Influence in Networks
Power in Community Networks as a Whole
Trust and Longevity in Chicago Community Networks
Now Trust and the Duration of Partnerships Matter for Policy. Public Management, and Communities
Duration of Partnerships and How It Varied Across Neighborhoods
Trust and How It Varied Across Networks
How Trust and Longevity Mattered for Organizations and Communities
The Diversity and Comprehensiveness of Chicago Neighborhood Ties
How Diversity and Comprehensiveness Matter for Policy, Public Management, and Communities
How Diversity and Comprehensiveness Varied Across Neighborhoods
How Network Diversity and the Comprehensiveness of Ties
Helped Preserve Affordable Housing, Improve Schools, and Promote Safety
Harnessing Educational Improvement Together With Policy Reform Efforts