The Missing Entrepreneurs 2015: Policies for Self-Employment and Entrepreneurship

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Year: 2015

The Missing Entrepreneurs 2015 is the third edition in a series of annual reports that provide data and policy analysis on inclusive entrepreneurship. Inclusive entrepreneurship involves business start-up and self-employment activities that contribute to social inclusion as well as to economic growth, covering entrepreneurship activities by social groups such as youth, women, seniors, immigrants and the unemployed. The report contains data on the scale and scope of entrepreneurship and self-employment activities across EU Member States by social target groups, as well as the barriers they face. The report also contains special thematic chapters on supporting growth for entrepreneurs from disadvantaged and under-represented groups, effective coaching and mentoring, and the role of public procurement in supporting inclusive entrepreneurship. Each thematic chapter discusses current policy issues and challenges, and makes recommendations for EU policy makers. The report also provides inspiring policy-practice examples from each of the 28 EU Members.

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Table of contents

Executive Summary
Reader’s Guide
Chapter 1.  Inclusive entrepreneurship policy in the European Union
What is inclusive entrepreneurship policy?
Why is inclusive entrepreneurship policy important?
A roadmap for reading this publication
Inclusive entrepreneurship in Europe – activity rates and barriers
Chapter 2. Self-employment and entrepreneurship by women
Self-employment activities by women
Activities by women over the entrepreneurship life-cycle
Hours worked by self-employed women
Self-employment earnings for women
Entrepreneurship skills as a barrier to business creation for women
Chapter 3. Self-employment and entrepreneurship by youth
Self-employment activities by youth
Self-employment activities by youth over the entrepreneurship life-cycle
Entrepreneurship skills as a barrier to business creation for youth
Chapter 4. Self-employment and entrepreneurship by seniors
Self-employment activities by seniors
Activities by seniors over the entrepreneurship life-cycle
Entrepreneurship skills as a barrier to business creation for seniors
Chapter 5. Self-employment and entrepreneurship by the unemployed
Seeking self-employment from unemployment
Entering self-employment from unemployment
Chapter 6. Self-employment and entrepreneurship by the foreign-born
Self-employment among the foreign-born
Policies for inclusive entrepreneurship
Chapter 7. Supporting business growth among entrepreneursfrom under-represented and disadvantaged groups
The growth potential of entrepreneurs from under-represented anddisadvantaged groups
Factors that influence growth
Policy support for growth for entrepreneurs from under-represented and disadvantaged groups
Delivering schemes that support growth
Conclusions and policy recommendations
Chapter 7. Effective coaching and mentoring for entrepreneursfrom under-represented and disadvantaged groups
The nature and definition of coaching and mentoring
The benefits of coaching and mentoring
Policy approaches to providing coaching and mentoring for entrepreneurs fromunder-represented and disadvantaged groups
Keys to the effective design of coaching and mentoring schemesfor entrepreneurs from under-represented and disadvantaged groups
Conclusions and policy recommendations
Country profiles: policy examples and key inclusive entrepreneurship data
Austria: Der Mikrokredit (“Microcredit”)
Belgium: Hazo vzw
Bulgaria: The Entrepreneurship Development Network (EDN)
Croatia: Project ACTIVE – Activity and Creativity Through Ideasand Ventures = Employment
Cyprus: Agrotoepixeirein: Strengthening youth and female entrepreneurship in rural areas
Czech Republic: Self-employment support to people with health challengesin the Central Bohemia region
Denmark: Igangz
Estonia: StartSmart!
Finland: Start-up workshop for the under-30s
France: Ouvrir les portes de la banque aux jeunes entrepreneurs (“Open the bank’s doors to young entrepreneurs”)
Germany: bundesweite gründerinnenagentur (BGA) (“National Agency forWomen Start-up Activities and Services”)
Greece: Innovative Youth Entrepreneurship
Hungary: Snétberger Music Talent Centre
Ireland: Enterprise Ireland Female Entrepreneurship Strategy
Italy: FabriQ Social Enterprise Incubator
Latvia: Measures to encourage innovation and business start-ups among youth
Lithuania: Support forSelf-employment
Luxembourg: Business Mentoring Programme
Malta: The My WoW Project
Netherlands: Bbz 2004, Besluit Bijstand voor Zelfstandigen(“Decision Support forEntrepreneurs”)
Poland: Wings for business – a workshop for entrepreneurial disabled people
Portugal: Project for the Promotion of Immigrant Entrepreneurship (PEI)
Romania: FemRRom
Slovak Republic: Financial Contribution for Self-Employment
Slovenia: P2P – Podjetnice za podjetnice do enakih možnosti v podjetništvu (“Female entrepreneurs for female entrepreneurs to gain equal opportunities in entrepreneurship”)
Spain: Red de Cooperación de Emprendedoras (“women-entrepreneurco-operation network”)
Sweden: Inkubator 55+
United Kingdom: Buy Sunderland First